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Cervical Cancer – Everything you need to know about it

Meta Description: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the world’s most common sexually transmitted infection. According to medical statistics, 70% of all cervical cancer infections are caused by HPV.
Cervical cancer can be recognized by the appearance of abnormal cells in the cervix lining.
Cervical Cancer: Everything you must know about it
Cervical cancer is caused by the unchecked growth of abnormal cells in the cervix lining. The cervix, a
part of the female reproductive system that produces the path from the womb to the vagina, is located in
the lower part of the womb. Cervical cancer is caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) and is a
significant public health issue.

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infections mostly cause cervical cancer. The HPV virus family is fairly
common throughout the world. At least 14 more than 100 distinct HPV variants are cancerous
(also known as high-risk types).
Seventy percent of cervical cancers and pre-cancerous lesions are caused by two HPV types (16 and 18).
Additionally, studies have connected HPV to cancers of the oropharynx, anus, vulva, vagina, and penis.
The sexually transmitted human papillomavirus is the primary factor in most cervical cancer (HPV)
occurrences. In addition, the same virus brings on genital warts.
Cervical cancer is not a guarantee, even if you have an HPV cancer-causing strain. Most HPV infections
are cleared up by your immune system, frequently within two years.

In men and women, HPV can lead to other cancers. Some of them are:
● Vaginal Cancer In Women
● Penile Cancer In Men
● Throat Cancer In Men And Women
Cervical Cancer Symptoms
Early cervical cancer signs may be completely absent in a patient. Because of this, routine pap smear
exams are even more important. A pap smear test is a screening strategy that not only aids in the
diagnosis of the condition but also identifies any cell abnormalities that could indicate the beginning of
cancer, allowing for the earlier initiation of therapy. The following signs would appear if you have cervical
cancer:
● Bleeding in between periods
● More than usual bleeding throughout your periods
● Discomfort during or after sexual interaction
● Bleeding after having sex,
● Foul genital odor
● Pelvic ache or discomfort
Preventing Cervical Cancer
Taking all necessary precautions to avoid contracting HPV in the first place is the only approach to
preventing cervical cancer. Ways for safeguarding yourself:
● Improved hygiene
● Avoiding multiple sex partners
● Avoid smoking
● Obtain regular Pap testing
● Eat a diet rich in nutrients
● Practice safe sex
● Get vaccinated against HPV
What is Cervical Cancer Screening
Cervical screening is the method of discovering or detecting abnormal tissue or cells in the cervix and
eliminating them before cervical cancer develops. It is a useful strategy for lowering cancer incidence and
mortality rates.
There are various screening procedures for cervical cancer, including Pap smears, liquid-based cytology,
HPV DNA testing, and acetic acid visual inspection.
As per the global strategy taken into action by the World Health Organization to eliminate cervical cancer,
it is recommended that 90% of girls should get fully vaccinated by the age of 15. In addition, women
should get screened at least once by the age of 35 and twice by the age of 45.
Screening methods include routine Pap tests. Your doctor may perform both tests together. The Pap test
is carried out as part of a routine pelvic examination when the doctor removes a few cells from your
cervix to examine under a microscope. A Pap test only takes a few minutes. First, a few cells from your
cervix are scraped off and put on a slide by your doctor. The slide is then submitted to a lab, where it will

be inspected under a microscope to check for any abnormal cell changes that might indicate the
development of cancer.
The Pap test, also known as a Pap smear, scans the cervix for precancers, which are cellular alterations
that, if left untreated, could develop into cervical cancer.
A DNA-based HPV test is suggested as a first-choice screening tool in the recently released “WHO
guideline for screening and treatment of cervical pre-cancer lesions for cervical cancer prevention.”
When should you take the HPV Vaccination?
The advisable time to get the HPV vaccination is around nine years and above, i.e., before starting any
sexual activity.
● It can be given to individuals as young as nine years old and can be recommended till 45 years.
● The earlier, the better because the HPV vaccine does not work to cure an existing HPV infection.
● It should be highlighted that people who have received an HPV vaccination are not excluded from
using standard cervical screening methods.
● Additionally, this vaccine lowers the chance of genital warts and other diseases like vulvar and
vaginal cancer.
Conclusion
It is recommended to take all the measures outlined above to avoid contracting an HPV infection in order
to protect yourself from cervical cancer and other HPV-related cancers. Additionally, make cautious to
verify the accuracy of any information you read regarding HPV before you believe it.

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